How to grow cabbage

Your Guide on How to Grow Cabbage Successfully

Did you know that cabbage is not only a versatile vegetable but also a nutritional powerhouse? Packed with vitamins, minerals, and fiber, cabbage is a valuable addition to any diet.

If you’re interested in growing your own cabbage and reaping the benefits of this leafy green, you’ve come to the right place. In this guide, we’ll provide you with all the necessary information to help you successfully grow cabbage in your garden.

From selecting the right cabbage varieties to preparing the soil, planting, caring for your plants, and dealing with common problems, we’ll cover it all. By following our cabbage growing tips and employing the right techniques, you’ll be able to enjoy a bountiful harvest of fresh and delicious cabbage.

Key Takeaways:

  • Choose the right cabbage varieties for your needs, such as Golden Acre, Ruby Ball, Savoy Ace, and Danish Ball Head.
  • Ensure your soil is fertile, well-drained, and rich in organic matter for optimal cabbage growth.
  • Plant cabbage seeds or transplants, spacing them 12-18 inches apart in rows 2-3 feet apart.
  • Water cabbage deeply and infrequently while maintaining even soil moisture.
  • Be vigilant with pest and disease control to protect your cabbage plants.

Recommended Cabbage Varieties

If you’re looking to grow cabbage in your garden, it’s important to choose the right variety for optimal results. Here are some highly recommended cabbage varieties that are known for their excellent production, eating quality, and storage potential:

  • Golden Acre
  • Ruby Ball
  • Savoy Ace
  • Danish Ball Head

Golden Acre is a popular cabbage variety with compact, round heads that have a mild flavor. Ruby Ball is known for its vibrant red color and sweet taste, making it a favorite for coleslaw and salads. Savoy Ace has crinkled leaves and a delicate, buttery flavor, perfect for stir-fries and steaming. Danish Ball Head is a traditional cabbage variety with dense, firm heads that store well for months.

No matter which variety you choose, these recommended cabbage types are sure to satisfy your taste buds and provide you with a bountiful harvest.

recommended cabbage varieties

Benefits of Organic Matter for Cabbage Soil

Organic matter is a key component of healthy cabbage soil. Here are some benefits of incorporating organic matter:

  • Improves soil structure, creating a friable and well-drained environment
  • Increases water-holding capacity, reducing the risk of moisture stress
  • Enhances nutrient availability, promoting better plant growth
  • Buffers pH levels, helping to maintain optimal soil conditions
  • Encourages beneficial soil microorganisms, supporting overall soil health

Planting and Spacing

When it comes to successfully growing cabbage, proper planting and spacing are crucial. Whether you’re starting from seeds or transplants, following the correct procedures will yield healthy and productive cabbage plants.


For seed planting, make sure to plant the cabbage seeds ¼-½ inch deep in well-prepared soil. This will provide the seeds with the right environment for germination and growth. If you’re using transplants, look for plants with 4-6 mature leaves and a well-developed root system. This ensures that they are sturdy enough to thrive after planting.


Proper spacing is essential to allow your cabbage plants enough room to grow and develop their heads. To ensure adequate spacing, allocate 12-18 inches of distance between each plant in the row. Maintain rows that are 2-3 feet apart, providing ample space for the cabbage plants to spread out.

Optimum spacing helps prevent overcrowding, which can lead to stunted growth and increased susceptibility to diseases and pests. By giving your cabbage plants enough room to breathe, you’re setting them up for success.

Watering, Fertilization, and Mulching

Proper watering, fertilization, and mulching are crucial for the successful growth of cabbage. By following these practices, you can ensure that your cabbage plants thrive and produce healthy, flavorful heads.


When it comes to watering cabbage, it’s important to strike a balance. Cabbage requires deep watering to encourage strong root development, but excessive moisture can lead to disease and rot. Here’s what you should keep in mind:

  • Water deeply but infrequently, providing approximately 1-1.5 inches of water per week.
  • Water in the morning to allow foliage to dry before evening, reducing the risk of diseases.
  • Check the soil moisture regularly and adjust the frequency and duration of watering based on weather conditions.


Proper fertilization is essential for the healthy growth of cabbage plants. Here are some tips to help you fertilize your cabbage effectively:

  • Conduct a soil test to determine the nutrient needs of your cabbage plants.
  • Apply fertilizers according to the soil test recommendations. Avoid excessive nitrogen during head formation to prevent loose and undesirable cabbage heads.
  • Consider using organic fertilizers, such as compost or well-rotted manure, to provide a slow release of nutrients.


Mulching offers several benefits for cabbage plants, including moisture conservation, weed control, and soil temperature moderation. Here’s how mulching can help you grow healthy and productive cabbage:

  • Mulch around the base of the plants to conserve soil moisture and reduce the frequency of watering.
  • Use organic mulches like straw, shredded leaves, or grass clippings to suppress weed growth.
  • Apply a layer of mulch that is 2-4 inches deep, ensuring it doesn’t touch the base of the cabbage plants to prevent rotting.

By providing adequate water, fertilizers based on soil test recommendations, and applying a layer of mulch, you can create optimal growing conditions for your cabbage plants. These practices will promote healthy growth, prevent moisture loss, and control weeds, ultimately leading to bountiful harvests of delicious cabbage heads.

Common Problems with Growing Cabbage

While growing cabbage can be a rewarding experience, it’s not without its challenges. Understanding and addressing common cabbage pests and diseases is crucial to ensure a successful harvest. Let’s take a closer look at some of the problems you may encounter:

Cabbage Pests

Cabbage pests can wreak havoc on your plants, causing damage to leaves and reducing crop yields. Some common cabbage pests include:

  • Aphids: These small, soft-bodied insects feed on cabbage leaves, causing stunted growth and yellowing.
  • Cabbage Worms: Caterpillars of cabbage white butterflies and diamondback moths, cabbage worms eat through leaves, leaving behind large holes.
  • Flea Beetles: These tiny jumping insects chew small holes in the leaves, giving them a “shot-hole” appearance.

To control cabbage pests, you can:

  • Inspect plants regularly for any signs of infestation.
  • Remove and destroy infected leaves.
  • Introduce natural predators, such as ladybugs or parasitic wasps.
  • Apply organic insecticides if necessary.

Cabbage Diseases

Several diseases can affect cabbage plants, compromising their health and productivity. Two common cabbage diseases are:

  • Alternaria Leaf Spot: This fungal disease causes circular, dark spots on the leaves. If left untreated, it can lead to defoliation and reduced yield.
  • Clubroot: A soil-borne disease, clubroot causes the roots to become swollen and deformed, leading to stunted growth and wilting.

To prevent and manage cabbage diseases, consider the following:

  • Practice crop rotation, avoiding planting cabbage in the same spot for consecutive years.
  • Remove and destroy any infected plants or plant debris.
  • Improve soil drainage if clubroot is a recurring problem.
  • Apply fungicides as a preventative measure.

By practicing good sanitation, identifying problems early, and utilizing appropriate control methods, you can protect your cabbage plants from pests and diseases, ensuring a healthy and abundant harvest.

Harvesting and Storage

Once your cabbage heads have reached full size and are firm, it’s time to harvest them. Using a sharp knife or garden shears, cut the stem just below the head. Be sure to leave a few outer wrapper leaves intact to protect the head during storage.

For long-term storage, cabbage can be kept for 2-6 months when stored at a temperature of 32°F and a relative humidity of 95%. It’s important to find a cool and dark location to store your cabbage, such as a root cellar or a refrigerator set at the appropriate temperature.

When storing cabbage, it’s crucial to keep it away from ethylene-producing fruits, such as apples or bananas, as they can accelerate the ripening process and cause spoilage. To prevent unwanted ethylene exposure, store cabbage separately from these fruits or use airtight containers or bags to create a barrier.

By following these cabbage storage tips, you can enjoy the freshness and flavors of your homegrown cabbage for an extended period, even after the harvest season has passed.

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