Philodendron species are some of the easiest, fastest-growing houseplants out there! Its easy going nature, ease of propagation, and whimsical beauty makes the philodendron one of the best houseplants for beginners.
There are many different varieties of philodendron, and some may appeal to you more than others. Some varieties are common in stores, making them easy (and inexpensive) to add to your houseplant collection. Other varieties are a bit trickier to find and therefore more appropriate for more seasoned, serious houseplant collectors.
Philodendrons, which are part of the Araceae family, typically love the high humidity of the warm tropical rain forest found in Central America. However, many varieties of the plant can work in both as outdoor plants as well as indoor house plants. Many love this plant because of its size, texture, colors, leaf shape, low maintenance, and growth habits.
Philodendron plants are native to South America, along with a bunch of hybrids and cultivars. Some of the key features of the Philodendron genus include their larger leaves, aerial roots, and split leaves.
Read our Philodendron Care Guide to learn the basics here.
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There are over 450 philodendron species in the world, but let’s take a look at some of the most popular philodendron types as well as some that are harder to find so you can decide which variety is right for you!
HEARTLEAF PHILODENDRON (HEDERACEUM )
This is the most common type of philodendron you’ll see at the garden store. You’ll probably recognize its deep-green, heart-shaped leaves and long vines. If you’re ready to try your first philodendron, this is a great choice!
PHILODENDRON PRINCE OF ORANGE
Philodendron “Prince of Orange” is a hybrid with very distinct colorful foliage vibrant compared to other Philodendron cultivars.
The dynamic growth and coloration of the Prince of Orange leaves is so amazing. The new foliage unroll a bright orange or copper-orange color and fades to a pale green color when they mature.
ELEPHANT EAR PHILODENDRON (DOMESTICUM)
This upright philodendrons has large, glossy leaves, with a dramatically heart-shape. The leaves start out as grayish but then become more silvery-green as the leaves mature. If you want an impressive floor plant that’s easy to care for and adds an unusual color to your space, look no further!
PHILODENDRON ROJO CONGO
Philodendron Rojo Congo (Philodendron red congo plant) is a new and distinct cultivar of Philodendron. It is a product of the cross or breeding between Philodendron Imperial Red as the female parent and an unidentified cultivar of the Philodendron tatei.
This short, shrubby philodendron is a cultivar of the heartleaf, but instead of deep green, the leaves are a bold lime-green color! The shiny leaves are also much more elongated and arrow-shaped than the typical heart shape of vining philodendrons. New leaves are bright yellow and turn bright green as they mature. It’s one of my personal favorites!
One popular Philodendron cultivar is the creeper, Philodendron mamei. Philodendron mamei is a suitable plant for indoor growing. Its medium-green leaves are about 12″ inches long and are triangular in shape. Each corrugated leaf is accentuated with silvery patterns.
Monstera Standleyana , Philodendron Cobra is a rare form in the Monstera family of climbing vines. It is known for its small leaves which are deep green and have speckles, splashes ,and broad strokes of pure white on them. Beautifully variegated plant and easy to care for!
Another popular cultivar of the heartleaf, this variegated philodendron is fairly grower-friendly and a great way to start getting into variegated plants. The heart-shaped leaves are deep-green with lime-green splashes and sometimes yellow streaks. It’s very easy to maintain, but make sure to give it plenty of bright, indirect light for maximum variegation!
Philodendron Black Gold (Melanochrysum)
The Philodendron melanochrysum is a beautiful tropical plant. It doesn’t get the credit it deserves. Or the attention it deserves.
The dark green (almost black) crystalline leaves show off a bright yellow vein. The yellow vein traces its’ way through the leaf to form a unique pattern.
It’s these attributes that created the nickname the “Black Gold Philodendron”. Like most other Philodendrons, it’s a climbing vine plant.
PHILODENDRON WHITE KNIGHT
This rare (and pricey) variety shows off very dark-green leaves with bold blocks of white or green. It even has purple stems!
This plant grows slowly, but it will climb a trellis beautifully and reward you with lots of spectacularly variegated leaves if you give it plenty of bright, indirect light. (That is, if you can find one!)
PHILODENDRON MICANS (HEDERACEUM)
Also called velvet-leaf philodendron, this variety is one of many cultivars of the heart-leaf philodendron. It looks very similar except for the tiny “hairs” that give the leaves a velvety texture. These surprisingly colorful and almost iridescent leaves are dark green with lighter veins on top and unexpected, rusty-orange undersides.
This trailing philodendron is easy to care for and looks beautiful in hanging baskets. It’s also fairly easy to find, so it’s a great way to add a different texture to your indoor garden.
SPLIT-LEAF PHILODENDRON (BIPINNATIFIDUM)
Not to be confused with monstera deliciosa (which is often mistakenly called a split-leaf philodendron), this large variety grows upright and has large lobed leaves that are slightly ruffled. This variety grows a bit slower than the smaller, trailing varieties, but it can grow quite large and make a bold statement in any space!
This species likes a bit more humidity than other philodendrons, but otherwise, it is easy to care for.
Continue Reading… Is A Monstera The Same As A Split Leaf Philodendron?
PINK PRINCESS PHILODENDRON (ERUBESCENS)
If you’re falling in love with variegated plants, you’ll love this pink princess philodendron: this heart-leaf cultivar is variegated with dark-green and black leaves and splashes of bright pink and red. It’s beautiful!
Also called the blushing or red-leaf philodendron, this variety is a little more delicate than other philodendrons. Make sure to provide lots of bright, indirect light to maintain the colors, and whatever you do, do NOT let this variety get cold. Keep well away from drafts and vents, and make sure to water with room-temperature water, not cold.
Other than that, this member of the philodendron family is fairly easy to maintain and will reward you with lots of spectacular leaves for very little work!
This unusual philodendron sports shiny, rounded, heart-shaped leaves that look like cute little valentines. This short, sturdy variety grows more slowly than other philodendrons and will need some kind of support to keep it upright as it grows. Make sure to keep it away from drafts! Overall, this is an easy-to-care for, adorable plant that will always put a smile on your face.
This beautiful philodendron variety makes a stunning floor plant with its large, deep-green leaves with contrasting white veins. New leaves often have light-pink veins that turn white as the leaves grow. This plant grows slowly, but it can reach 3 feet in height and grow to several feet wide. Make sure to keep it well away from drafts. This is one of our favorite philodendron varieties!
Philodendron Narrow – ‘Jungle Boogie’
Philodendron ‘Jungle Boogie’ is the philo you need to brighten up your collection. This climbing philodendron has a gorgeous serrated leaf edge. New leaves emerge red and harden off to this gorgeous green.
Philodendron Florida Ghost
Green Congo Philodendron
The ‘Xanadu’ philodendron (Philodendron bipinnatifidum ‘Xanadu’) is a low grower that matures at a height of three feet.
Silver leaf philodendrons (Philodendron brandtianum) are attractive, tropical plants with olive green leaves splashed with silvery markings. They tend to be bushier than most philodendrons. Although Philodendron brandtianum works well as a hanging plant, you can also train it to climb up a trellis or other support.