How to Grow an Philodendron Squamiferum (the Hairy Philodendron), a Beginner Care Guide

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Do you like unusual climbing houseplants?Are you a fan of tropical plants?

The Philodendron squamiferum plant is another eye-catching Aroid. Philodendron squamiferum, often known as hairy plant, Hairy Philodendron or Red Bristle Philodendron, is an uncommon yet attractive garden plant. This plant is especially popular among houseplant aficionados because of its distinctive oak-shaped leaves.

Philodendron squamiferum

This humidity-loving plant is frequently grown in indoor settings with strong indirect light all day.

This comprehensive guide will assist you in growing and caring for Philodendron squamiferum.

The leaves of this North American plant are green, oak-shaped, and distinct lobes.

Furthermore, the plant’s beauty is enhanced by its long crimson petioles with fine and fuzzy hair-like growth. A mature one can reach a height of a few feet.

In this beginner guide of Philodendron Squamiferum care you will learn about this popular plant which has become a coveted houseplant for plant lovers, including;

  • Is Philodendron Squamiferumrare?
  • How to care for Philodendron Squamiferum
  • How do you keep ?Color?
  • How to propagate Philodendron Squamiferum
  • Common pests and diseases of the Philodendron Squamiferum
  • And a few Frequently asked questions.

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Is Philodendron Squamiferum rare?

  • Family: Araceae.
  • Genus: Philodendron.
  • Species: P. squamiferum.

Philodendron is a well-known genus that includes a diverse variety of plants that may thrive in both indoor and outdoor settings. Philodendron squamiferum is from Central America and as a climber it may be found high up in the rainforests of Brazil, French Guiana, and Suriname.

It is an aroid epiphyte belonging to the Araceae family, having fuzzy red hair on its stems.

The rare species of hairy Philodendron plants is a rainforest understory plant. It resembles Philodendron bipennifolium and Philodendron pedatum in appearance.

How to care for a Philodendron Squamiferum

How to care for a Philodendron Squamiferum

This one, like the others in the genus, is a simple to grow plant. Simply follow the guidelines, and the plant will be content with everyone, including novices.

Soil

Philodendron squamiferum’s roots were designed to grasp since it is an epiphyte. The species will be smothered in dense medium such as pure potting soil, therefore you’ll need something lighter and coarser.

Organic, fertile, and nutrient-rich soil is perfect for these tropical beauties. Make sure it isn’t potted in a compacted medium, as this might cause the plant to suffocate.

Use a coarser, lighter, and well-drained soil. The soil pH for Philodendron Squamiferum should be 5.1 to 6.0. (slightly acidic).

It is recommended to avoid clay-like or sandy-textured soil while cultivating a healthy Philodendron Squamiferum plant.

A good mixture for a Philodendron squamiferum would include a moisture-retaining ingredient (such as sphagnum moss or coco coir) as well as larger-particle-size bits (such as perlite) to enable excess water to escape. Pine bark fines can also be added (partially composted pine bark).

This DIY Soil Mix is an excellent option. If you really want to go all out, pine bark chips can be used in place of the coco chips. For individuals who don’t want to create their own soil,there are several comercial manufactures with specific aroid mixtures. 

Remember to always use a pot with drainage holes at the bottom of the container so excess water can drain out. 

Philodendron squamiferum bloom

Water

The Philodendron Squamiferum is a plant that thrives in water. Overwatering, on the other hand, can result in fungal diseases and mortality. Philodendron squamiferum is more susceptible to overwatering than many other aroids, and it prefers its soil to be dry. Instead, wait until the top few inches of soil have dried up before watering again.

Because so much depends on the location you grow it in as well as the season, I can’t offer you a precise watering regimen for each houseplant. Water your squamiferum once every 6-7 days throughout the summer months and once every 11-12 days outside of the growth season, assuming it’s in a light area and grown in a loose soil media, as it should be.

Use a moisture meter to monitor the plant’s moisture levels and then water it for a more dependable alternative. Make sure the soil is wet but not waterlogged or soggy in general.

Squamiferum is one of the most water-sensitive Philodendrons, so don’t overwater it. Squamiferum with rotted stalks and drooping foliage is a sign of overwatering.

Light

Philodendron squamiferum, like other aroids, grows organically on to trees in the rainforest, crawling upwards towards the light. The canopies in these environments shield direct sunlight, indicating that the species has not adapted to survive it.

This does not imply that this is a plant that can thrive in a gloomy environment. It should still be exposed to indirect light of a medium to strong intensity. A lack of light will result in a lack of new growth, as well as root rot if the soil is damp for an extended period of time.

These tropical plants should be kept in mild to bright indirect sunlight. In the summer, a place with some shade is ideal. However, in the winter, a position with brilliant indirect sunlight is ideal.

If you don’t have such a location in your home, you may use artificial growing lights or tie a cloth to your window to enable only filtered diffused light to reach the plant.

As a general rule, stay away from extremes. Please avoid placing your Squamiferum plant in direct sunlight or complete shade, as well as dehydrating or overwatering it.

Maintain a healthy green Philodendron Squamiferum by maintaining a balance.

Philodendron squamiferum

Not sure of the difference between direct and indirect light?

If you place your hand between your plant and the light; and if you feel the heat of the sun on your skin, or if the shadow your hand casts has sharp, hard edges, your plant is in direct light, which is just too extreme for most indoor house plants. If the shadow is soft, that placement has indirect light, and most likely your houseplants are going to be happy there.

Temperature & Humidity

We simply need to look at the plant’s native environment to figure out what temperature it demands in our homes, as we do with many other elements of houseplant maintenance. The jungles in which Philodendron squamiferum thrives are hot, and this species will not like being kept cold.

To ensure that this aroid thrives, keep the temperature above 50 degrees Fahrenheit, but no more than 77 degrees Fahrenheit. The beauty of tropical houseplants is that they are at ease when you are. For this species, room temperature is ideal.

This is a rainforest plant, therefore it prefers humid environments, but it has shown to be relatively robust even under less-than-ideal growth circumstances.

If you have a hygrometer (a gadget that measures humidity and is particularly useful for houseplant lovers), aim for approximately 40% humidity. That’s a comfortable humidity level for a person, at least throughout the summer. Lower than that, and both you and your squamiferum will begin to feel uneasy. You may notice dry skin, chapped lips, and more frequent colds as the plant develops brown leaf tips.

Fortunately, there are a number of methods you can do to make things more pleasant for your Philodendron squamiferum, as well as yourself. A humidifier may be quite beneficial. Putting your plants in a dish with stones and a layer of water is also an excellent choice, as is grouping them together.

variegated  Philodendron squamiferum

Fertilizing

As previously stated, Philodendron squamiferum is a slow growth. As a result, it isn’t the heaviest feeder. That isn’t to say you shouldn’t feed yours some plant food now and again.

During the growing season (spring and summer, maybe into early fall), water the plant once every 1-1.5 months with a dash of fertilizer. If you’re not sure what sort of plant food to use, keep it simple and buy a Philodendron-specific fertilizer.

After the summer, it’s a good idea to give the soil a good flush to remove any salts that have accumulated. This helps to prevent fertilizer stress on the roots, which can lead to ugly leaf spot.

Toxicity

Yes, I’m sorry. Philodendrons, like other Araceae plants, contain calcium oxalate crystals that are insoluble. If curious pets or children put any portion of the plant in their mouth, they may feel a painful burning sensation.

Potting and Repotting

Even though it is a sluggish grower, this hair plant may take up a lot of room. It’s time to repot your Philodendron Squamiferum if it’s not growing as well as it used to or if it’s drying out faster than normal.

The container you pick is crucial because if the plant is root-bound, its development is likely to be hampered. If the roots of a Philodendron Squamiferum are loose and divided, the plant will grow higher.

Make sure the new pot you’ve chosen is large enough, well-ventilated, and well-drained. A plastic nursery planter is an ideal alternative for such a container since it can house the plant roots effectively while still being readily disguised in a beautiful pot.

Repotting your Squamiferum is best done during the growth seasons, which are spring and summer.

 Philodendron squamiferum

Growth

In the indoor environment, the climber may reach a height of around 4 to 5 feet.The glossy, dark-green multi-lobed leaves mature to be approximately 5 to 15 inches long. All you need to do now is add a supporting totem to the plant to complete the look.

The tiny plants appear to be a nice way to dress up your table. However, as the plant matures, it will require a trellis to climb on. As a result, the only option is to move it to the ground.

The plant resembles its cousin Monstera deliciosa and brother Philodendron bipennifolium due to its climbing habit and multi-lobed leaves.

Growing Zone

The plants can be grown outside in USDA zones 9b to 11. However, they are suitable for indoor plantation in a wide range of zones from 4 to 11.

Check What Hardiness Zone You Are In Here.

How to propagate a Philodendron Squamiferum.

Do you want to add to your collection of Philodendron Velvet plants by making some more? You can try the following methods, which aren’t too difficult:

  • Stem-cuttings.
  • Air layering.

Air-layering

Squamiferum can also be used for air-layering. While the cutting is connected to the mother plant, air-layering is used to grow the roots.

Wrap some sphagnum moss around a node you’ve found. To keep the moss damp, wrap it in a plastic bag. In a few days, roots will appear. Take the cutting and put it in a new pot when the roots are about 2 inches long.

Common pests and diseases of the Philodendron squamiferum.

Spider mites will appear if the environment surrounding your Philodendron squamiferum is excessively dry. Fungus gnats appear when the weather becomes too humid and damp. Maintain proper humidity levels. Keep an eye on the plants on a frequent basis.

Clean the leaves with soap water on a regular basis. To get rid of pests, spray neem oil on the leaves and into the soil.

Frequently asked questions.

When Should I Repot The Hairy Philodendron? 

It’s time to repot Philodendron squamiferum when it gets too big for its pot and becomes unstable. If your plant isn’t producing new growth and is fast drying up, it may be root-bound and in need of repotting.

When repotting your plant, avoid using a large planter. Repot in the evening with a size larger than the preceding one.

Allow the plant to adapt by watering it thoroughly and waiting a few days.
Spring and summer are the best times to repot Philodendron squamiferum since this is when the plant grows the fastest.

Why Isn’t My Philodendron Squamiferum Growing?

Because Philodendron Squamiferum is a slow-growing plant, there will be times when you don’t observe any growth at all.

However, if your plant does not grow throughout the spring and summer, it may be pot-bound.

Examine the root system to see whether it requires a larger pot.

When Should I Prune The Hairy Philodendron?

Although the Philodendron Squamiferums do not need extensive trimming, there are times when it is necessary.

One reason you might wish to trim your Squamiferum is to make it more appealing to the eye. Leaves that are yellow and lifeless might be unappealing.

As a result, it’s preferable to remove them.

Houseplants frequently lose part of their older leaves, usually the bottom ones. They may, however, remain attached and become yellow or brown in some cases.

If a Squamiferum’s leaves have become yellow or brown owing to age, poor humidity, or inadequate nutrition, it may need to be pruned.

Philodendron Squamiferums can also be pruned for size management because they can grow large and reach tremendous heights.

Cut down a vine or two with pruning shears or scissors if you don’t want your Squamiferum plant to overrun its trellis or totem.

To decrease the risk of fungal or bacterial infection, spray your plants with water and brush away excess moisture.

Why Does My Philodendron Squamiferum Have Dark Brown Leaves?

You’re probably overwatering your Philodendron Squamiferum if the leaves are dark brown or black.

The roots of your Philodendron Squamiferum will rot if there isn’t adequate drainage (e.g., the drainage holes are covered by clumps of dirt) or if you simply overwater each time.

This implies your plant isn’t getting enough water or nutrients, and the leaves will turn brown or black. Replace the wet soil with new potting mix, then cut away the roots and leaves that are the most damaged.

Does Philodendron Squamiferum Ever Bloom?

Burgundy spathes appear on Squamiferums primarily in the spring and summer.

These spathes produce lovely white blooms.

Pink berries with seeds are produced by the blooms, which are mostly utilized for propagation.

What Type Of Pot Should I Use For My Hairy Philodendrons?

Philodendrons thrive in both terra cotta, ceramic or plastic pots.
Allow enough room for growth and always ensure that your container has drainage holes.

When the plant’s growth slows due to root entanglement, it’s time to upgrade to a larger pot.

Are Philodendron Squamiferums Plants Toxic To Dogs?

Philodendron Squamiferums, like other Philodendron species, are poisonous to dogs. Keep your pets away from this plant!

Are Philodendron Squamiferums Plants Toxic To Cats?

Philodendron Squamiferums, like other Philodendron species, are dangerous to cats. Keep your pets away from this plant!

Common Problems with Philodendron Squamiferum

This section will provide you with some insights as to what might be causing the plant’s physical malformation.

Yellow leaves are the first issue.

Excess wetness, which leads to over-saturation of the plant-soil by water or exposure to too much sunlight, could be the cause of yellow leaves on your Philodendron Micans. It’s also worth noting that too much sunshine causes leaves to burn.

How do you look after your yellow-leaved Philodendron Micans? It’s easy to understand.

As previously indicated, make sure it’s in a filtered sunlight atmosphere.

Using sanitized scissors, snip off all yellow and burnt leaves.

Alter the plant’s soil. Keep an eye out for decaying roots when changing the plant soil. If there are any, use a sterile pair of scissors to cut them out. Also, make sure the pot has adequate drainage. Only water your Philodendron when the earth is dry, which you can tell by touching the dirt.

Bacterial leaf spot

When the plant leaves are frequently wet, germs can easily infect it. To avoid this, make sure you’re not watering the leaves while they’re wet.

How do you deal with a bacterial leaf spot on your plant?

This is a little more complicated, and it all depends on how diseased your plant is. If there are only two infected leaves, you should clip them off before others become sick. Using a fungicide produces no noticeable results.

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