How to grow and propagate a pothos plant

The plant has many common names, including golden pothos, Ceylon creeper, hunter’s robe, ivy arum, house plant, money plant, silver vine, Solomon Islands ivy, marble queen, and taro vine.

It is also called devil’s vine or devil’s ivy because it is almost impossible to kill, and it stays green even when kept in the dark.

It is sometimes mistakenly labeled as a Philodendron in plant stores. It is commonly known as a money plant in many parts of the Indian subcontinent.

Read: Pothos vs Philodendron: What Is The Difference?

Devil’s ivy. It is also a highly invasive species in the wild, such as Sri Lanka.

Having no natural enemies, it completely overgrows the forest floor and the trunks of trees, causing severe ecological disruption.

With an abundance of trailing leafy growth doused with splashes of color, Devil’s Ivy is the perfect indoor plant. Simply follow these easy steps to nurture this “trendy” vine and encourage prosperous foliage.

What you need to know about Pothos or Devil’s Ivy

Name: Devil’s ivy, golden pothosEpipremnum pinnatum. Cultivars include “Aureum”, “Snow Queen” and “Marble Queen”.

Height: height and spread can reach 4 or 6m, however as a trailing species, this greatly varies

Foliage: evergreen glossy green marbled or variegated heart-shaped leaves, depending on the species or cultivar.

Climate: It originates from tropical and temperate regions but will thrive indoors in most climates.

Soil: A light, porous, aerated, and well-drained soil, usually containing peat moss or coco peat, is required to keep the roots moist but not soggy.

Position: grows well in full to partial shade outdoors. Devil’s ivy prospers to the greatest extent with bright light but will also grow in low-light conditions.

Flowering and fruiting: Flowers rarely grow when placed indoors. In outdoor areas, purple/green spathes flowering only occurs in the mature phase.

Feeding: use a controlled-release fertilizer upon planting. Alternatively, using a liquid fertilizer is beneficial every few times it is watered.

Watering: keep moist but allow the surface of the potting mix or soil to dry out between each watering. Usually, once a week for indoor plants.

Appearance and characteristics of Devil’s Ivy

Categorized under the genus Epipremnum, Devil’s ivy is a lush and hardy plant that can survive in minimal light and is almost impossible to kill. This evergreen trailing vine will thrive all year round, although variegated varieties may lose their color in low-light conditions.

Surviving well in various positions, the diverse range of different-hued forms is a perfect accent to any indoor or sheltered outdoor space. Devil’s ivy can be grown as a ground cover, in hanging baskets, in containers, or along walls. It will grow to around 6m, but up to 20m in the wild.

Epipremnums were first discovered in French Polynesia and have become acclimatized to sub-tropical forests globally. Preferring a humid or temperate environment, they can withstand occasional cold periods but will not survive frost.

In the cooler winter months, additional misting of tepid water will create a humid environment. Moderate diffused light is recommended for the foliage to retain its color and variegation.

Devil’s ivy is poisonous to cats and dogs and harmful to humans if ingested, so avoid placing Devil’s ivy on the floor inside if this is a significant risk. Instead, place it up high within a hanging basket or on a shelf.

How to plant and grow Pothos

An integral aspect of the growth of all plants is soil quality. Devil’s ivy will flourish in many soil types, ranging from acidic to alkaline. The soil should not be left overly wet, as this encourages root rot.

Leave the surface of the soil to dry out completely before watering again. Do not be overly concerned about underwatering, as Epipremnums only require minimal watering and can withstand dry periods and neglect.

Devil’s ivy requires a premium standard potting mix with additional sphagnum moss or cocopeat to maintain health and vigor when planted indoors.

Caring for Pothos

Upon planting, mixing in controlled-release fertilizer will nourish the vine’s growth. Alongside this, using a soluble liquid fertilizer is ideal during the warmer seasons of growth. Cease this in the cold and wet winter months.

How and when to prune Devil’s ivy

Trimming back the trailing stems is essential to control and enhance the plant’s shape, otherwise this species, which is invasive in some tropical areas, may take over.

To ensure it does not grow too big, regularly trim the stem of the plant, always leaving a healthy piece of foliage at the end.

Yellowed leaves are often the result of overwatering and can be easily removed simply by bending them back until they snap.

Diseases and pests

Devil’s ivy is mostly resilient to diseases and pests, with most problems being related to the soil. Other issues stem from bacterial or fungal infections, such as root rot and leaf spots from excessive overwatering throughout the growing season.

Limp and curled foliage originate from inconsistent drops in temperature, cold air below 10°C or lack of water.

Spider mites and mealy bugs pose a significant issue, but this is easily solved by simply spraying the foliage with a garden insecticide. Repeat this in two weeks to completely eradicate the problem.

How to Propagate a Pothos

Propagation of Pothos or Devil’s ivy can be easily achieved in a number of ways.

  1. Cut a piece of stem or stem tips below a node.
  2. Submerge its base in water for up to two weeks to root.
  3. Once shoots have become visible, plant the vine in the soil to grow.  

Long trailing stems with aerial roots can be cut off and placed in seed and cutting mix or a 50:50 peat and coarse propagating sand. Alternatively, they may be pegged down into pots of seed and cut mixed with wire or hair clips.

They may be cut off from the parent plant and treated individually when they have formed a sufficient root system.

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propagate a pothos

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